Ethics and Information Technology 13 (1):39-51 (2011)

Authors
Jeff Buechner
Rutgers University - Newark
Abstract
We argue that the notion of trust, as it figures in an ethical context, can be illuminated by examining research in artificial intelligence on multi-agent systems in which commitment and trust are modeled. We begin with an analysis of a philosophical model of trust based on Richard Holton’s interpretation of P. F. Strawson’s writings on freedom and resentment, and we show why this account of trust is difficult to extend to artificial agents (AAs) as well as to other non-human entities. We then examine Margaret Urban Walker’s notions of “default trust” and “default, diffuse trust” to see how these concepts can inform our analysis of trust in the context of AAs. In the final section, we show how ethicists can improve their understanding of important features in the trust relationship by examining data resulting from a classic experiment involving AAs
Keywords Artificial agents   Default trust   Diffuse trust   Multi-agent systems   Trust
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DOI 10.1007/s10676-010-9249-z
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References found in this work BETA

Two Dogmas of Empiricism.W. Quine - 1951 - [Longmans, Green].
From a Logical Point of View.W. V. O. Quine - 1953 - Harvard University Press.
Freedom and Resentment.Peter Strawson - 1962 - Proceedings of the British Academy 48:187-211.
Trust and Antitrust.Annette Baier - 1986 - Ethics 96 (2):231-260.
Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics.Onora O'Neill - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.

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Citations of this work BETA

In AI We Trust: Ethics, Artificial Intelligence, and Reliability.Mark Ryan - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2749-2767.
Levels of Trust in the Context of Machine Ethics.Herman T. Tavani - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):75-90.

View all 12 citations / Add more citations

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