Philosophy of Science 28 (3):260-281 (1961)
Factual statements that might qualify for the status of law statements are classed from various philosophically relevant standpoints (referents, precision, structure of predicates, extension, systemicity, inferential power, inception, ostensiveness, testability, levels, and determination categories). More than seven dozen of not mutually exclusive kinds of lawlike statements emerge. Strictly universal and counterfactually powerful statements are seen to constitute just one kind of lawlike statements; classificatory and some statistical laws, e.g., are shown not to comply with the requirements of universality and counterfactual force. Conditions for lawlike statements to be called laws are then examined, and a liberal criterion of lawfulness is finally proposed, which reads thus: A proposition is a law statement if and only if it is a posteriori (not logically true), general in some respect (does not refer to unique objects), has been satisfactorily corroborated for the time being in some domain, and belongs to a theory (whether adult or embryonic). It is claimed that criteria of laws change alongside with the emergence of new usages of the term 'law', and that by adopting a liberal criterion of lawfulness we would conform to contemporary usage and would cease inhibiting the search for regularities in the sciences of man
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Allometries and Scaling Laws Interpreted as Laws: A Reply to Elgin.Jani Raerinne - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):99-111.
Ceteris Paribus Laws: Classification and Deconstruction. [REVIEW]Gerhard Schurz - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (3):351Ð372.
Laws and Constrained Kinds: A Lesson From Motor Neuroscience.Brandon N. Towl - 2012 - Synthese 189 (3):433-450.
Armstrong on the Role of Laws in Counterfactual Supporting.Joan Pages - 1997 - Theoria 12 (2):337-342.
Laws, Chances and Properties.D. H. Mellor - 1990 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (2):159 – 170.
The Likeness of Lawlikeness.James H. Fetzer - 1974 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1974:377 - 391.
Nomological and Transcendental Criteria for Scientific Laws.Predrag Šustar - 2005 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (3):533-544.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads103 ( #47,203 of 2,152,643 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #225,818 of 2,152,643 )
How can I increase my downloads?