Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (2):141-147 (1994)

One understanding of health conceives of it as a state of freedom from pathology, achieved by an individual, through the mediation of a doctor. On this view, improvements in health flow from the application of science to specific ills of the body, and access to medical care is the chief determinant of health. This “medicalized” view of health underlies the current debate over medical care payment reform. This is the dominant way of talking about health.An alternative is the view of health commonly associated with the practice of public health. On this view, health is an attribute of communities in social and physical environments. Health takes its shape in large numbers—in morbidity and mortality statistics—and, ideally, includes not just a high level of well-being for some, but also its even distribution throughout a society. Improvements in health are seen to arise from healthful changes in the environment.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1748-720X.1994.tb01287.x
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The Social Transformation of American Medicine.Paul Starr - 1984 - Science and Society 48 (1):116-118.

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