Synthese:1-29 (2019)

Authors
Nick Byrd
Stevens Institute of Technology
Abstract
The received view of implicit bias holds that it is associative and unreflective. Recently, the received view has been challenged. Some argue that implicit bias is not predicated on “any” associative process, but it is unreflective. These arguments rely, in part, on debiasing experiments. They proceed as follows. If implicit bias is associative and unreflective, then certain experimental manipulations cannot change implicitly biased behavior. However, these manipulations can change such behavior. So, implicit bias is not associative and unreflective. This paper finds philosophical and empirical problems with that argument. When the problems are solved, the conclusion is not quite right: implicit bias is not necessarily unreflective, but it seems to be associative. Further, the paper shows that even if legitimate non-associative interventions on implicit bias exist, then both the received view and its recent contender would be false. In their stead would be interactionism or minimalism about implicit bias.
Keywords debiasing  dual process theory  implicit bias  implicit association test  associationism  reflectivism  interventionism  philosophy of mind  philosophy of cognitive science  philosophy of science
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-019-02128-6
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Citations of this work BETA

Construct validity in psychological tests – the case of implicit social cognition.Uljana Feest - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):1-24.
Online Conferences: Some History, Methods, and Benefits.Nick Byrd - forthcoming - In Right Research: Modelling Sustainable Research Practices in the Anthropocene. United Kingdom: Open Book Publishers.

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