Your Health vs. My Liberty: Philosophical beliefs dominated reflection and identifiable victim effects when predicting public health recommendation compliance during the COVID-19 pandemic
Cognition 104649 (C) (2021)
AbstractIn response to crises, people sometimes prioritize fewer specific identifiable victims over many unspecified statistical victims. How other factors can explain this bias remains unclear. So two experiments investigated how complying with public health recommendations during the COVID19 pandemic depended on victim portrayal, reflection, and philosophical beliefs (Total N = 998). Only one experiment found that messaging about individual victims increased compliance compared to messaging about statistical victims—i.e., "flatten the curve" graphs—an effect that was undetected after controlling for other factors. However, messaging about flu (vs. COVID19) indirectly reduced compliance by reducing perceived threat of the pandemic. Nevertheless, moral beliefs predicted compliance better than messaging and reflection in both experiments. The second experiment’s additional measures revealed that religiosity, political preferences, and beliefs about science also predicted compliance. This suggests that flouting public health recommendations may be less about ineffective messaging or reasoning than philosophical differences.
Similar books and articles
Scaring the Public: Fear Appeal Arguments in Public Health Reasoning.Louise Cummings - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (1):25-50.
How Should Public Health Professionals Engage with Lay Epidemiology?P. Allmark - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):460-463.
PPACA and Public Health: Creating a Framework to Focus on Prevention and Wellness and Improve the Public's Health.Gwendolyn Roberts Majette - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):366-379.
Using Public Health Legal Counsel Effectively: Beliefs, Barriers and Opportunities for Training.Nancy Kaufman, Susan Allan & Jennifer Ibrahim - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):61-64.
Mental Ill Health, Public Health and Medicalization.A. Vilhelmsson, T. Svensson & A. Meeuwisse - 2011 - Public Health Ethics 4 (3):207-217.
Beyond Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness: Rethinking Best Practices.Jennifer A. Bernstein - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):13-16.
Values and Beliefs Inherent to a Public Health Perspective. North Carolina Institute of Public Health.J. C. Thomas - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics. Http://Www2. Sph. Unc. Edu/Oce/Phethics/Module2/Presentation. Htm. Accessed Apr.
A Tale of Two Fields: Public Health Ethics.Craig Klugman - 2008 - Monash Bioethics Review 27 (1-2):56.
Criminal Law, Philosophy and Public Health Practice.A. M. Viens, John Coggon & Anthony S. Kessel (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
Public Health and Normative Public Goods.Richard H. Dees - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (1):20-26.
Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics.Anna C. Mastroianni, Jeffrey P. Kahn & Nancy E. Kass (eds.) - 2019 - Oup Usa.
What Does Public Health Ethics Tell (Or Not Tell) Us About Intervening in Non-Communicable Diseases?Ross Upshur - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):19-28.
The Role of Advocacy in Public Health Law.Micah L. Berman, Elizabeth Tobin-Tyler & Wendy E. Parmet - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S2):15-18.
Reciprocity and Neuroscience in Public Health Law.A. M. Viens - 2011 - In Michael Freeman (ed.), Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
Citations of this work
Great Minds Do Not Think Alike: Philosophers’ Views Predicted By Reflection, Education, Personality, And Other Demographic Differences.Nick Byrd - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-38.
References found in this work
What Do Philosophers Believe?David Bourget & David J. Chalmers - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 170 (3):465-500.
Scalar Consequentialism the Right Way.Neil Sinhababu - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (12):3131-3144.
Beyond Sacrificial Harm: A Two-Dimensional Model of Utilitarian Psychology.Guy Kahane, Jim A. C. Everett, Brian D. Earp, Lucius Caviola, Nadira S. Faber, Molly J. Crockett & Julian Savulescu - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (2):131-164.
The Smart System 1: Evidence for the Intuitive Nature of Correct Responding on the Bat-and-Ball Problem.Bence Bago & Wim De Neys - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):257-299.