An elegant universe

Synthese:1-16 (2017)

Authors
Claudio Calosi
Université de Genève
Abstract
David Lewis famously endorsed Unrestricted Composition. His defense of such a controversial principle builds on the alleged innocence of mereology. This innocence defense has come under different attacks in the last decades. In this paper I pursue another line of defense, that stems from some early remarks by van Inwagen. I argue that Unrestricted Composition leads to a better metaphysics. In particular I provide new arguments for the following claims: Unrestricted Composition entails extensionality of composition, functionality of location and four-dimensionalism in the metaphysics of persistence. Its endorsement yields an impressively coherent and powerful metaphysical picture. This picture shows a universe that might not be innocent but it is certainly elegant
Keywords Unrestricted composition  Extensionality  Functionality   Four-dimensionalism
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DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0952-5
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References found in this work BETA

Modal Logic as Metaphysics.Timothy Williamson - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
Counterfactuals.David K. Lewis - 1973 - Blackwell.
Parts: A Study in Ontology.Peter Simons - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time.Theodore Sider - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (3):642-647.

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