Cognitive Enhancement and Theories of Justice: Contemplating the Malleability of Nature and Self

Journal of Evolution and Technology 18 (1):116-123 (2008)
Abstract
As techniques for cognitive enhancement are being developed , new questions are emerging about the availability, distribution and permissible uses of such techniques. This paper will provide an overview of possible approaches to these questions from within three different frameworks offered by political theory – libertarian , social contractarian and communitarian . Each of these theories rests on particular assumptions about the relationship between individuals and society and on particular conceptions of human flourishing. This paper will examine whether the potential for cognitive enhancement requires re-examination of these fundamental premises about human nature and personal identity in connection with these theories of justice.
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