Social Science Information 50 (2):157-177 (2011)

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Abstract
The ability to patent is bounded by a set of conditions that define what is patentable and what is not. In the 1980s, the problem of the patentability of genes was solved by the use of an analogy between genes and chemical compounds. In this article we analyze the process of the reduction of the gene to a chemical compound, and show how this analogy made the practice of gene patenting routine long before it came to public attention. When we did eventually see public controversies surrounding gene patenting in the 1990s, the chemical analogy allowed patent offices in the US and Europe to ‘close down’ these debates by presenting the issues as merely technical.
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DOI 10.1177/0539018411399512
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References found in this work BETA

The Constituents of Life.John Dupré - 2007 - Uitgeverij van Gorcum.
Understanding Contemporary Genomics.John Dupré - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3):320-338.
La fabrique du droit. Une ethnographie du Conseil d'État.Bruno Latour - 2003 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 193 (4):504-504.

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Introduction.Myles W. Jackson - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (1):1-12.

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