Composition as Identity Doesn't Settle the Special Composition Question

Abstract
Orthodoxy says that the thesis that composition is identity (CAI) entails universalism: the claim that any collection of entities has a sum. If this is true it counts in favour of CAI, since a thesis about the nature of composition that settles the otherwise intractable special composition question (SCQ) is desirable. But I argue that it is false: CAI is compatible with the many forms of restricted composition, and SCQ is no easier to answer given CAI than otherwise. Furthermore, in seeing why this is the case we reveal an objection to CAI: that it allows for the facts concerning what there is to be settled whilst leaving open the question about what is identical to what
Keywords Analytic Philosophy  Contemporary Philosophy  Philosophy of Mind
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ISBN(s) 0031-8205
DOI 10.1111/j.1933-1592.2010.00433.x
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References found in this work BETA
Parts of Classes.David Lewis - 1991 - Blackwell.
Parthood.Theodore Sider - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (1):51-91.
Material Beings.Peter van Inwagen - 1990 - Cornell University Press.
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Citations of this work BETA
Composition as Identity: Part 1.Megan Wallace - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):804-816.
Mereological Nihilism and Theoretical Unification.Andrew Brenner - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):318-337.
Composition is Identity and Mereological Nihilism.Claudio Calosi - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (263):219-235.
Composition as Identity: Part 1.Meg Wallace - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):804-816.

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