Self‐Motion and Cognition: Plato's Theory of the Soul

Southern Journal of Philosophy 59 (4):523-544 (2021)
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Abstract

I argue that Plato believes that the soul must be both the principle of motion and the subject of cognition because it moves things specifically by means of its thoughts. I begin by arguing that the soul moves things by means of such acts as examination and deliberation, and that this view is developed in response to Anaxagoras. I then argue that every kind of soul enjoys a kind of cognition, with even plant souls having a form of Aristotelian discrimination (krisis), and that there is therefore no completely unintelligent, evil soul in the cosmos that can explain disorderly motions; as a result, the soul is not the principle of all motion but only motion in the cosmos after it has been ordered by the Demiurge.

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References found in this work

Plato: Complete Works.J. M. Cooper (ed.) - 1997 - Hackett.
The presocratic philosophers.Jonathan Barnes - 1979 - New York: Routledge.
Aristotle's criticism of Plato and the Academy.Harold F. Cherniss - 1944 - Baltimore,: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Plato: Complete Works.J. Cooper & D. S. Hutchinson - 1998 - Phronesis 43 (2):197-206.
The Presocratic Philosophers.G. S. Kirk, J. E. Raven & M. Schofield - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):465-469.

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