WADA’s Concept of the ’Protected Person’ – and Why it is No Protection for Minors

Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 17 (1):58-69 (2022)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The recent alleged doping case of the figure skater Kamila Valieva at the Winter Olympic Games in Beijing 2022 dramatically raised the issue of the protection of minors in anti-doping policy. We firstly present the literature on doping in relation to minors. Secondly, we present WADA’s Protected Person (PP) concept and its implications. Thirdly, we analyse the WADA Code’s purpose and the vulnerability of minors under the Code, and fourthly, we identify the real threats from which minors should be protected by analysing the ineffective PP concept, and showing how it cannot be a real protection. We explain how preventing one threat can generate another, thus converting minor athletes from victims into suspects. We conclude by stressing the necessity for further research, and we indicate our future research direction, towards the development of a much wider concept of protection, and its application into sporting contexts.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 93,642

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Ideology, Doping and the Spirit of Sport.Vincent Geeraets - 2018 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 12 (3):255-271.
In defense of medically supervised doping.Eric Moore & Jo Morrison - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 49 (2):159-176.


Added to PP

26 (#631,520)

6 months
37 (#101,767)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author Profiles

Jim Parry
Charles University, Prague
Marcus Campos
University of Campinas

References found in this work

Null. Null - 2016 - Philosophy Study 6 (9).
Beyond Consent? Paternalism and Pediatric Doping.Mike McNamee - 2009 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 36 (2):111-126.
Juridical and ethical peculiarities in doping policy.M. J. McNamee & L. Tarasti - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (3):165-169.

Add more references