Authors
Alan Garnham
University of Sussex
Abstract
We recorded Event-Related Potentials to investigate differences in the use of gender information during the processing of reflexive pronouns. Pronouns either matched the gender provided by role nouns (such as “king” or “engineer”) or did not. We compared two types of gender information, definitional information, which is semantic in nature (a mother is female), or stereotypical (a nurse is likely to be female). When they followed definitional role-nouns, gender-mismatching pronouns elicited a P600 effect reflecting a failure in the agreement process. When instead the gender violation occurred after stereotypical role-nouns the Event Related Potential response was biphasic, being positive in parietal electrodes and negative in anterior left electrodes. The use of a correlational approach showed that those participants with more “feminine” or “expressive” self sex-role descriptions showed a P600 response for stereotype violations, suggesting that they experienced the mismatch as an agreement violation; whereas less “expressive” participants showed an Nref effect, indicating more effort spent in linking the pronouns with the possible, although less likely, counter-stereotypical referent.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01953
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 59,864
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Towards a Neural Basis of Auditory Sentence Processing.Angela D. Friederici - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (2):78-84.
Lectures on Government and Binding. The Pisa Lectures.Noam Chomsky - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):238-240.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Perceptual Symbols in Language Comprehension.Arthur M. Glenberg - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):618-619.
Revisiting Gender Role Stereotyping in the Sales Profession.Nikala Lane & Andrew Crane - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):121 - 132.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-06-30

Total views
23 ( #461,841 of 2,433,069 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #463,753 of 2,433,069 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes