AI and Society 27 (4):479-488 (2012)
The purpose of this paper is to address some of the questions on the notion of agent and agency in relation to property and personhood. I argue that following the Kantian criticism of Aristotelian metaphysics, contemporary biotechnology and information and communication technologies bring about a new challenge—this time, with regard to the Kantian moral subject understood in the subject’s unique metaphysical qualities of dignity and autonomy. The concept of human dignity underlies the foundation of many democratic systems, particularly in Europe as well as of international treaties, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Digital agents, artificial organisms as well as new capabilities of the human agents related to their embeddedness in digital and biotechnological environments bring about an important transformation of the human self-appraisal. A critical comparative reflection of this transformation is important because of its ethical implications. I deal first with the concept of agent within the framework of Aristotelian philosophy, which is the basis for further theories in accordance with and/or in opposition to it, particularly since modernity. In the second part of this paper, I deal with the concept of personhood in Kantian philosophy, which supersedes the Aristotelian metaphysics of substance and builds the basis of a metaphysics of the moral human subject. In the third part, I discuss the question of artificial agents arising from modern biology and ICT. Blurring the difference between the human and the natural and/or artificial opens a “new space” for philosophical reflection as well as for debate in law and practical policy.
|Keywords||Agents Information technology Biotechnology Autonomy Dignity Aristotle Kant Subjectivity Personhood Property Ethics Law Policy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Citations of this work BETA
How to Design the Infosphere: The Fourth Revolution, the Management of the Life Cycle of Information, and Information Ethics as a Macroethics. [REVIEW]Wolfgang Hofkirchner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):177-192.
Virtue, Privacy and Self-Determination.Giannis Stamatellos - 2011 - International Journal of Cyber Ethics in Education 1 (4):35-41.
How to Design the Infosphere: The Fourth Revolution, the Management of the Life Cycle of Information, and Information Ethics as a Macroethics.Wolfgang Hofkirchner - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):177-192.
Similar books and articles
Towards an Ontological Foundation of Information Ethics.Rafael Capurro - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):175-186.
On Floridi's Metaphysical Foundation of Information Ecology.Rafael Capurro - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):167-173.
The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents.Frances S. Grodzinsky, Keith W. Miller & Marty J. Wolf - 2008 - Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):115-121.
The Ethics of Designing Artificial Agents.S. Grodzinsky Frances, W. Miller Keith & J. Wolf Marty - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology.
Human Dignity and Transhumanism: Do Anthro-Technological Devices Have Moral Status?Fabrice Jotterand - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):45-52.
What Is the Model of Trust for Multi-Agent Systems? Whether or Not E-Trust Applies to Autonomous Agents.Massimo Durante - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):347-366.
A Legal Analysis of Human and Electronic Agents.Steffen Wettig & Eberhard Zehender - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):111-135.
On the Moral Equality of Artificial Agents.Christopher Wareham - 2011 - International Journal of Technoethics 2 (1):35-42.
Human Rights and Human Dignity.Schroeder Doris - 2012 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):323-335.
The Epistemological Foundations of Artificial Agents.Nicola Lacey & M. Lee - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (3):339-365.
Modelling Trust in Artificial Agents, A First Step Toward the Analysis of E-Trust.Mariarosaria Taddeo - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):243-257.
Intelligent Agents and Liability: Is It a Doctrinal Problem or Merely a Problem of Explanation? [REVIEW]Emad Abdel Rahim Dahiyat - 2010 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 18 (1):103-121.
Human Dignity as a Right.Gan Shaoping & Zhang Lin - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (3):370 - 384.
Clarifying Appeals to Dignity in Medical Ethics From an Historical Perspective.Riekeder Graaf & Johannes Jmdelden - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (3):151-160.
Added to index2011-08-20
Total downloads47 ( #110,738 of 2,168,588 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #187,166 of 2,168,588 )
How can I increase my downloads?