Tensions and challenges in the use of the biographical method

Cinta de Moebio 60:316-327 (2017)
Abstract
Resumen: En el artículo identifico tensiones y desafíos en el uso del método biográfico en la investigación social. A partir de su utilización en estudios sobre sobre desigualdades, vulnerabilidades y soportes en jóvenes, examino aspectos teóricos, técnicos y epistemológicos. Los modos de vincular el relato y su contexto sitúan una tensión que va más allá de método biográfico y remiten a un problema central de las ciencias sociales: la tensión individuo sociedad o la relación entre lo micro y lo macro. A partir de la revisión del propio proceso de investigación, destaco la importancia del encuadre teórico de la investigación, la exigencia de transparentar los procedimientos de procesamiento de la evidencia empírica y el requerimiento de poner en diálogo la teoría y los relatos en el análisis.: The article identifies tensions and challenges in the use of biographical method in social research. From its use in studies on inequalities, vulnerabilities and supports in young people, it examines theoretical, technical and epistemological issues. I argue that the ways of linking the story and its context place a tension that goes beyond the uses of the biographical method and refers to a central problem of the social sciences: the tension between the individual and society or the relationship between the micro and the macro level. From the review of the research process itself, it is important to emphasize the importance of the theoretical framework of research, the requirement of transparency in the procedures for the processing of empirical evidence and the requirement to put theory and narratives in dialogue analysis.
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DOI 10.4067/S0717-554X2017000300316
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