Evidence-based policy: what’s to be done about relevance? [Book Review]

Philosophical Studies 143 (1):127 - 136 (2009)
Nancy Cartwright
London School of Economics
How can philosophy of science be of more practical use? One thing we can do is provide practicable advice about how to determine when one empirical claim is relevant to the truth of another; i.e., about evidential relevance. This matters especially for evidence-based policy, where advice is thin—and misleading—about how to tell what counts as evidence for policy effectiveness. This paper argues that good efficacy results, which are all the rage now, are only a very small part of the story. To tell what facts are relevant for judging policy effectiveness, we need to construct causal scenarios about will happen when the policy is implemented.
Keywords Evidence  Evidence-based policy  Evidential relevance  Randomized controlled trials  Efficacy  Effectiveness
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DOI 10.1007/s11098-008-9311-4
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References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Explanation.Peter Achinstein - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
Causal Instrumental Variables and Interventions.Julian Reiss - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):964-976.

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Citations of this work BETA

Epistemology of Causal Inference in Pharmacology.Jürgen Landes, Barbara Osimani & Roland Poellinger - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (1):3-49.
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Just a Paradigm: Evidence-Based Medicine in Epistemological Context.Miriam Solomon - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):451-466.

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