Prometheus 33:161-181 (2020)

Eros Carvalho
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Giovanni Rolla
Universidade Federal da Bahia
Enactivism is a family of theories that construe action as constitutive of cognition and reject the need to postulate representations in order to explain all cognitive activities. Acknowledging a biologically basic, non-representational mode of cognition, however, raises the question of how to explain higher or more complex cognitive acts, what we call explanatory integration challenge. In this paper, we critically discuss some attempts to meet that challenge through scaling up basic cognition and through scaling down complex cognition within the enactivist research program.
Keywords radical enactivism  adaptive autopoietic enactivism  basic cognition  higher cognition  scaling-up strategy  scaling-down strategy
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