The Evolution of Self-Knowledge

Philosophical Topics 40 (2):13-37 (2012)

Authors
Peter Carruthers
University of Maryland, College Park
Logan Fletcher
University of Maryland, College Park
Abstract
Humans have the capacity for awareness of many aspects of their own mental lives—their own experiences, feelings, judgments, desires, and decisions. We can often know what it is that we see, hear, feel, judge, want, or decide. This article examines the evolutionary origins of this form of self-knowledge. Two alternatives are contrasted and compared with the available evidence. One is first-person based: self-knowledge is an adaptation designed initially for metacognitive monitoring and control. The other is third-person based: self-knowledge depends on the prior evolution of a mindreading system which can then be directed toward the self. It is shown that the latter account is currently the best supported of the two
Keywords Analytic Philosophy  General Interest  Philosophy of Mind
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0276-2080
DOI 10.5840/philtopics201240212
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 48,878
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Knowledge of Evolution and Evolution of Knowledge.Jantsch Erich - 1981 - In Erich Jantsch (ed.), The Evolutionary Vision: Toward a Unifying Paradigm of Physical, Biological, and Sociocultural Evolution. Published by Westview Press for the American Association for the Advancement of Science. pp. 129--151.
Different Kinds of Evolution.J. Arthur Thomson - 1926 - Journal of Philosophical Studies 1 (1):50-54.
The Evolution of Knowledge.Anthony O'Hear - 1988 - Critical Review 2 (1):78-91.
Physical Complexity and Cognitive Evolution.Peter Jedlicka - 2007 - In Carlos Gershenson, Diederik Aerts & Bruce Edmonds (eds.), Worldviews, Science, and Us: Philosophy and Complexity. World Scientific. pp. 221--231.
The Philosophy of Human Evolution.Michael Ruse - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
Knowledge in an Evolutionary Context.Anthony O'Hear - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (2):125 – 138.
The Evolution of Business Knowledge in SMEs.Richard Thorpe - 2008 - In Harry Scarbrough (ed.), The Evolution of Business Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
Evolution and the Possibility of Moral Realism. [REVIEW]Peter Carruthers & Scott M. James - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (1):237-244.
Evolution Et Rationalité.Ronald De Sousa - 2004 - Presses Universitaires de France.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2014-11-27

Total views
87 ( #103,575 of 2,309,542 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #354,510 of 2,309,542 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature