(Un)just Deserts: The Dark Side of Moral Responsibility

Southwest Philosophy Review 30 (1):27-38 (2014)

Authors
Gregg D. Caruso
Corning Community College
Abstract
What would be the consequence of embracing skepticism about free will and/or desert-based moral responsibility? What if we came to disbelieve in moral responsibility? What would this mean for our interpersonal relationships, society, morality, meaning, and the law? What would it do to our standing as human beings? Would it cause nihilism and despair as some maintain? Or perhaps increase anti-social behavior as some recent studies have suggested (Vohs and Schooler 2008; Baumeister, Masicampo, and DeWall 2009)? Or would it rather have a humanizing effect on our practices and policies, freeing us from the negative effects of what Bruce Waller calls the “moral responsibility system” (2014, p. 4)? These questions are of profound pragmatic importance and should be of interest independent of the metaphysical debate over free will. As public proclamations of skepticism continue to rise, and as the mass media continues to run headlines announcing free will and moral responsibility are illusions, we need to ask what effects this will have on the general public and what the responsibility is of professionals.
Keywords free will  free will skepticism  optimistic skepticism  moral responsibility  just world belief  determinism  free will and moral responsibility  punitive  retributive
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DOI 10.5840/swphilreview20143014
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