Socio-economic research on genetically modified crops: a study of the literature

Agriculture and Human Values 35 (2):489-513 (2018)
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Abstract

The importance of socio-economic impacts from the introduction and use of genetically modified crops is reflected in increasing efforts to include them in regulatory frameworks. Aiming to identify and understand the present knowledge on SEI of GM crops, we here report the findings from an extensive study of the published international scientific peer-reviewed literature. After applying specified selection criteria, a total of 410 articles are analysed. The main findings include: limited empirical research on SEI of GM crops in the scientific literature; the main focus of the majority of the published research is on a restricted set of monetary economic parameters; proportionally, there are very few empirical studies on social and non-monetary economic aspects; most of the research reports only short-term findings; the variable local contexts and conditions are generally ignored in research methodology and analysis; conventional agriculture is the commonly used comparator, with minimal consideration of other substantially different agricultural systems; and there is the overall tendency to frame the research upon not validated theoretical assumptions, and to over-extrapolate small-scale and short-term specific results to generalized conclusions. These findings point to a lack of empirical and comprehensive research on SEI of GM crops for possible use in decision-making. Broader questions and improved methodologies, assisted by more rigorous peer-review, will be required to overcome current research shortcomings.

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References found in this work

Reflexing Complexity.Brian Wynne - 2005 - Theory, Culture and Society 22 (5):67-94.
Experiments in Context and Contexting. [REVIEW]Ingunn Moser & Kristin Asdal - 2012 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 37 (4):291-306.
Coexistence of plants and coexistence of farmers: Is an individual choice possible? [REVIEW]Rosa Binimelis - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (5):437-457.

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