Limitations on the Confinement of Food Animals in the United States

Citizen petitions and legislative bills in seven states in the US have established space and movement limitations for selected species of farm animals. These actions show Americans becoming concerned about the humane treatment of confined farm animals, and willing to use governmental intervention to preclude existing confinement practices. The individual state provisions vary, including the coverage of species. All seven states deal with sow-gestation crates, five states address veal calf crates, and two states’ provisions also apply to battery cages used for egg-laying hens. The actions show citizen and legislative opposition to current animal production practices, and suggest a movement to provide better treatment for farm animals. Accompanying the actions are challenges for animal production industries in remaining competitive while meeting social expectations on the ethical treatment of food animals. While the actions are only a small step in addressing welfare issues, they may be the beginning of a significant movement to do more to address human and animal welfare issues
Keywords Animal welfare  Battery cages  Food animal confinement  Gestation crates  Humane treatment of animals  Space and movement limitations
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/s10806-009-9225-y
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 36,528
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Practical Ethics.Peter Singer - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
The Case for Animal Rights.Tom Regan - 2009 - In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Noûs. Oxford University Press. pp. 425-434.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Attitudes of Canadian Pig Producers Toward Animal Welfare.Jeffrey M. Spooner, Catherine A. Schuppli & David Fraser - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (4):569-589.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ethics and the Genetic Engineering of Food Animals.Paul B. Thompson - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (1):1-23.
Transgenesis in Animal Agriculture: Addressing Animal Health and Welfare Concerns. [REVIEW]Michael Greger - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (5):451-472.
Farm Animal Welfare and World Food.J. R. Bellerby - 1965 - London: One World Publications.


Added to PP index

Total downloads
47 ( #139,619 of 2,302,339 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #152,144 of 2,302,339 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature