The experimental and the empirical: Arne Naess' statistical approach to philosophy


ABSTRACTExperimental philosophy often draws its data from questionnaire-based surveys of ordinary intuitions. Its proponents are keen to identify antecedents in the work of philosophers who have referred to intuition and everyday understanding [e.g. Knobe, Joshua, and Shaun Nichols, ‘An Experimental Philosophy Manifesto’. In Experimental Philosophy, edited by Joshua Knobe and Shaun Nichols, 3–14. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007]. In this context, ‘Empirical Semantics’, pioneered by Arne Naess early in the twentieth century, offers striking parallels. Naess believed that much contemporary philosophy was unempirical because it made no reference to ordinary understanding or use of language. In response, he attempted large-scale studies of ordinary understanding of philosophically significant terms [e.g. Naess, Arne. ‘Truth’ as Conceived by Those Who Are Not Professional Philosophers. Oslo: Jacob Dybwad, 1938]. This article will compare Empirical Semantics and experimental philosophy, and assess what su...

Download options


    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 72,879

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library


Added to PP

34 (#340,016)

6 months
1 (#386,016)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Siobhan Chapman
University of Liverpool

References found in this work

The Semantic Conception of Truth and the Foundations of Semantics.Alfred Tarski - 1943 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4 (3):341-376.
Experimental Philosophy.Joshua Knobe & Shaun Nichols (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Intuition.Ernest Sosa - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 132 (1):99-107.
The Rise and Fall of Experimental Philosophy.Antti Kauppinen - 2007 - Philosophical Explorations 10 (2):95 – 118.

View all 38 references / Add more references

Similar books and articles

Arne Naess and Empirical Semantics.Siobhan Chapman - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):18-30.
“Here I Stand”: An Interview With Arne Naess.Christian Diehm - 2004 - Environmental Philosophy 1 (2):6-19.
Experimental Philosophy.Kwame Anthony Appiah - 2008 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 82 (2):7 - 22.
Remarks on Wittgenstein's Über Gewissheit and a Norwegian Discussion.Ingemund Gullvåg - 1988 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):371 – 385.
The Life and Learning of Arne Naess: Scepticism as a Survival Strategy.Inga Bostad - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):42-51.
Community, and Lifestyle, 144 and 159. Also See Sessions,".Ecology Naess - 2000 - Eco Philosophy, Utopias, and Education," and Arne Naess and Rob Jankling," Deep Ecology and Education: A Conversation with Arne Naess," Canadian Journal of Environmental Education 5.
“A Kind of Metaphysician”: Arne Naess From Logical Empiricism to Ecophilosophy.Thomas Uebel - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):78-109.
Arne Naess, Peace and Gandhi.Johan Galtung - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):31-41.
Truth, Correspondence, and Gender.Robert Barnard & Joseph Ulatowski - 2013 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):621-638.