Validity, Value, and Emotion
How does one scientifically verify a psychometric instrument designed to assess the mental competence of medical patients who are asked to consent to medical treatment? Aside from satisfying technical requirements like statistical reliability, results yielded by such a test must conform to at least some accepted pretheoretical desiderata; for example, determinations of competence, as measured by the test, must capture a minimal core of accepted basic intuitions about what competence means and what a theory of competence is supposed to do. The concepts of “face validity” and “content validity” are both important here. Face validity “indicates that an instrument appears to test what it is supposed to and that it is a plausible method for doing so” (Portney and Watkins 2000, 82). Content validity “means that the test contains all the elements that reflect the variable being studied” (Portney and..
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Anorexia and the MacCAT-T Test for Mental Competence: Validity, Value, and Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (4):283-287.
The Validity of National Curriculum Assessment.Gordon Stobart - 2001 - British Journal of Educational Studies 49 (1):26 - 39.
Improving the Quality of Consent to Randomised Controlled Trials by Using Continuous Consent and Clinician Training in the Consent Process.P. Allmark - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (8):439-443.
Artificiality: The Tension Between Internal and External Validity in Economic Experiments.Arthur Schram - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):225-237.
A Logical-Pragmatic Perspective on Validity.Adriano C. T. Rodrigues & Claudio E. M. Banzato - 2009 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 2 (2):40-44.
Utility and Construct Validity of an Ethical Dilemmas Scale in Management Education.Robert Loo - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):551-557.
The Dynamic Order of Norms, Empowerment and Related Concepts.U. Schmill - 2000 - Law and Philosophy 19 (2):283-310.
Why a Trade-Off? The Relationship Between the External and Internal Validity of Experiments.Luis M. Miller - 2010 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 25 (3):301-321.
Four Concepts of Validity: Reflections on Inclusive and Exclusive Positivism.Wil J. Waluchow - unknown
How Outlandish Can Imaginary Cases Be?Jakob Elster - 2011 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (3):241-258.
The Neuroscience of Decision Making and Our Standards for Assessing Competence to Consent.Steve Clarke - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):189-196.
Validity and Interpretation.Andrea Iacona - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):247-264.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads39 ( #132,953 of 2,171,683 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #326,424 of 2,171,683 )
How can I increase my downloads?