Philosophical Psychology 25 (4):521 - 537 (2012)

Authors
Anthony Chemero
University of Cincinnati
Abstract
This article is about a sidebar in James Gibson's last book, The ecological approach to visual perception. In this sidebar, Gibson, the founder of the ecological perspective of perception and action, argued that to perceive an affordance is not to classify an object. Although this sidebar has received scant attention, it is of great significance both historically and for recent discussions about specificity, direct perception, and the functions of the dorsal and ventral streams. It is argued that Gibson's acknowledgment of Wittgenstein's ideas of classification suggests a limited scope of his theory of direct perception?it cannot account for the classification of objects. The implications for both the specification debate and theorizing about the brain's dorsal and ventral pathways are explored. Based on a recent ecological conception of information and direct perception, we ultimately argue that both affordance perception and classification are direct
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DOI 10.1080/09515089.2011.579424
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Extending the Notion of Affordance.Silvano Zipoli Caiani - 2014 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):275-293.
Framing Visual Perception in Terms of Sensorimotor Mapping.Silvano Zipoli Caiani - 2014 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 9.

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