Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):245-267 (2020)

Melvin Chen
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
In this paper, two central questions will be addressed: ought we to implement medical AI technology in the medical domain? If yes, how ought we to implement this technology? I will critically engage with three options that exist with respect to these central questions: the Neo-Luddite option, the Assistive option, and the Substitutive option. I will first address key objections on behalf of the Neo-Luddite option: the Objection from Bias, the Objection from Artificial Autonomy, the Objection from Status Quo, and the Objection from Inscrutability. I will thereafter present the Demographic Trends Argument and the Human Enhancement Argument in support of alternatives to the Neo-Luddite option. In the second half of the paper, I will argue against the Substitutive option and in favour of the Assistive option, given the existence of two chief formal deficits in medical AI technology: the causality deficit and the care deficit.
Keywords Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence  Healthcare  Causality Deficit  Care Deficit  AI  Neo-Luddite Option  Assistive Option  Substitutive Option
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DOI 10.1007/s13347-019-00359-6
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