Learning Object Names at Different Hierarchical Levels Using Cross‐Situational Statistics

Cognitive Science:591-605 (2018)

Authors
Yu-Chu Chen
National Taiwan University
Abstract
Objects in the world usually have names at different hierarchical levels. This research investigates adults' ability to use cross-situational statistics to simultaneously learn object labels at individual and category levels. The results revealed that adults were able to use co-occurrence information to learn hierarchical labels in contexts where the labels for individual objects and labels for categories were presented in completely separated blocks, in interleaved blocks, or mixed in the same trial. Temporal presentation schedules significantly affected the learning of individual object labels, but not the learning of category labels. Learners' subsequent generalization of category labels indicated sensitivity to the structure of statistical input.
Keywords Statistical word learning  Hierarchical labels  Category learning  Word generalization  Temporal presentation schedules
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Reprint years 2018
DOI 10.1111/cogs.12516
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Word and Object.Willard Van Orman Quine - 1960 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 17 (2):278-279.
Word Learning as Bayesian Inference.Fei Xu & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (2):245-272.

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