Defining the Term "Argument"

Informal Logic 15 (3) (1993)

Abstract
Informal logic has expanded the concept of an 'argument' beyond that presented traditionally by formal logicians-to include arguments as encountered in 'real-life'. Existent definitions of argument structure are argued to be inadequate by failing to fully recognise that, ultimately, arguments have a human source. Accordingly, a new definition is proposed which appeals to relevant cognitive and behavioural factors. The definition retains some traditional concepts, but introduces the term 'supportive' as a modification to 'premiss'. The concept of a 'persuader' is also developed. The definition is argued to capture more fully the intricacies, subtleties and rich diversity of informal arguments
Keywords argument, definition, informal logic, human factors
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The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation.Chaïm Perelman - 1969 - Notre Dame, [Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.
The Uses of Argument.STEPHEN TOULMIN - 1958 - Philosophy 34 (130):244-245.
The Recent Development of Informal Logic.Ralph H. Johnson & J. Anthony Blair - forthcoming - Informal Logic: The First International Symposium.

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