In Gordon E. Michalson (ed.), Religion within the Bounds of Mere Reason: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 98-117 (2014)

Authors
Andrew Chignell
Princeton University
Abstract
Commentators typically neglect the distinct nature and role of hope in Kant’s system, and simply lump it together with the sort of Belief that arises from the moral proof. Kant himself is not entirely innocent of the conflation. Here I argue, however, that from a conceptual as well as a textual point of view, hope should be regarded as a different kind of attitude. It is an attitude that we can rationally adopt toward some of the doctrines that are not able to be proved from within the bounds of mere reason – either theoretical or practical. This does not mean that hope is unconstrained; there are rational limits, as we shall see. In fact one of my central claims here is that a crucial difference between knowledge, rational Belief, and rational hope is that they are governed by different modal constraints; section II discusses those constraints and the kind of modality involved. In section III, I return to Religion and offer what I take to be Kant’s account of the main objects of rational hope in that text – namely, “alleged outer experiences (miracles)”;a “supposed inner experience(effect of grace)”;and a future collective experience (the construction of a truly ethical society).
Keywords Kant  hope  action  divine action  progress
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References found in this work BETA

Belief in Kant.Andrew Chignell - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (3):323-360.
The Value of Hope.Luc Bovens - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):667-681.
Hope and its Place in Mind.Phillip Pettit - 2004 - Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (1):152--165.
Hopes and Dreams.Adrienne M. Martin - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (1):148 - 173.
Hope.John Patrick Day - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (2):89-102.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Restoring Kant's Conception of the Highest Good.Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (3):435-468.
Kant’s Robust Theory of Grace.Jacqueline Mariña - 2017 - Con-Textos Kantianos 6:302-320.
Education and the Overcoming of Evil.Robert B. Louden - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (13):1308-1318.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

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