The tribunal of philosophy and its norms: History and philosophy in Georges Canguilhem's historical epistemology


Authors
Cristina Chimisso
Open University (UK)
Abstract
In this article I assess Georges Canguilhem's historical epistemology with both theoretical and historical questions in mind. From a theoretical point of view, I am concerned with the relation between history and philosophy, and in particular with the philosophical assumptions and external norms that are involved in history writing. Moreover, I am concerned with the role that history can play in the understanding and evaluation of philosophical concepts. From a historical point of view, I regard historical epistemology, as developed by Gaston Bachelard and Georges Canguilhem, as a conception and practice which came out of the project, elaborated in France from the 1920s to the 1940s, of combining history of science and philosophy. I analyse in particular Canguilhem's epistemology in his theory and practice of history of science. What he called 'normative history' is the focus of my analysis. I evaluate the question of the nature and provenience of the norm employed in normative history, and I compare it with the norm as discussed by Canguilhem in Le normal et le pathologique. While I am critical of Canguilhem's treatment of history, I conclude that his philosophical suggestion to analyse the formation of scientific concepts 'from below' represents a useful model for history and philosophy of science, and that it can be very profitably extended to philosophical concepts.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/S1369-8486(03)00027-X
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 47,350
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Archaeology of Knowledge.M. Foucault - 1970 - Social Science Information 9 (1):175-185.
Psychologism -- Substantively Revised.Martin Kusch - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
L'Archéologie du savoir. [REVIEW]M. Foucault - 1970 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 75:355.

View all 36 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Matteucci and du Bois-Reymond: A Bitter Rivalry.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2011 - Archives Italiennes de Biologie 149 (4):29-37.
Canguilhem’s Concepts.David Marcelo Peña-Guzmán - 2018 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 4:27.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
59 ( #151,252 of 2,291,085 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #400,984 of 2,291,085 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature