Moral Expertise and the Credentials Problem

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (4):323-334 (2007)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

Philosophers have harbored doubts about the possibility of moral expertise since Plato. I argue that irrespective of whether moral experts exist, identifying who those experts are is insurmountable because of the credentials problem: Moral experts have no need to seek out others’ moral expertise, but moral non-experts lack sufficient knowledge to determine whether the advice provided by a putative moral expert in response to complex moral situations is correct and hence whether an individual is a bone fide expert. Traditional accounts of moral expertise require that moral experts give reliably correct moral advice supported by adequate justification, an account which, I argue, is too lean in allowing for the possibility of a moral expert who is motivationally indifferent to her own moral judgments and advice. Yet even if the proposition that a moral expert is an individual who provides reliably correct moral advice supported by adequate justification and is necessarily motivated by that advice exhausts the necessary and sufficient conditions for moral expertise, this proposition cannot function as an applicable criterion for non-experts to use in appraising would-be experts’ claims to expertise. The credentials problem thus remains unanswered.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,953

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Character, Common-Sense, and Expertise.Jonathan Webber - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (1):89-104.
Michael Smith: The moral problem. [REVIEW]James Lenman - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):125-126.
Xunzi on Moral Expertise.Justin Tiwald - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (3):275-293.
Ethical Expertise: The Skill Model of Virtue.Matt Stichter - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (2):183-194.
Moral expertise: Judgment, practice, and analysis*: Julia driver.Julia Driver - 2013 - Social Philosophy and Policy 30 (1-2):280-296.
Moral Expertise.Karen Jones & François Schroeter - 2012 - Analyse & Kritik 34 (2):217-230.
What Does the Frame Problem Tell us About Moral Normativity?Terry Horgan & Mark Timmons - 2009 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (1):25-51.
The possibility of ethical expertise.Bruce D. Weinstein - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (1):1-187.
Is Ethical Expertise Possible?Jukka Varelius - 2008 - Medicine Health Care and Philosophy 11 (2):127-132.
An Ethics Expertise for Clinical Ethics Consultation.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):649-661.
Self-Righteousness as a Moral Problem.Jeanette Bicknell - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (4):477-487.

Analytics

Added to PP
2009-01-28

Downloads
270 (#77,962)

6 months
30 (#108,749)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Michael Cholbi
University of Edinburgh

Citations of this work

Transparency is Surveillance.C. Thi Nguyen - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 105 (2):331-361.
Why Think for Yourself?Jonathan Matheson - 2022 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology:1-19.
Moral Testimony: Transmission Versus Propagation.Alison Hills - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (2):399-414.
Attentional Moral Perception.Jonna Vance & Preston J. Werner - 2022 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 19 (5):501-525.

View all 39 citations / Add more citations

References found in this work

Autonomy and the Asymmetry Problem for Moral Expertise.Julia Driver - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 128 (3):619-644.
Moral Experts.Peter Singer - 1972 - Analysis 32 (4):115 - 117.
On forgetting the difference between right and wrong.G. Ryle - 1958 - In Abraham Irving Melden (ed.), Essays in moral philosophy. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Ethics and Experts.Cheryl N. Noble - 1982 - Hastings Center Report 12 (3):7-15.

View all 12 references / Add more references