History of the Human Sciences 13 (3):23-45 (2000)

While Freud’s theory of the Oedipus complex is concerned with psycho-sexual development, it concomitantly presents a novel historical-political imagination. This article compares the post-Oedipal self with the selves envisioned by Nietzsche and Marx, suggesting that while these 19th-century theorists constructed selves that are able to transcend the normalizing and subjugating circumstances of modernity, Freud’s theory defines a healthy self as irredeemably embedded in the prevailing culture and life-orders. In making his case, Freud spurns the quests of Nietzsche and Marx for wholeness of the individual and for self-authorship, and presents the self as structurally agonistic, riven and thoroughly molded by society
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DOI 10.1177/09526950022120755
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The Subject and Power.Michel Foucault - 1982 - Critical Inquiry 8 (4):777-795.
Thus Spoke Zarathustra.Friedrich Nietzsche - 1961 - New York: Viking Press.
On the Genealogy of Morality.Friedrich Nietzsche - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.

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