Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):22-38 (2009)

The subjective impression that statements are true increases when statements are presented repeatedly. There are two sources for this truth effect: An increase in validity based on recollection and increase in processing fluency due to repeated exposure . Using multinomial processing trees , we present a comprehensive model of the truth effect. Furthermore, we show that whilst the increase in processing fluency is indeed automatic, the interpretation and use of that experience is not. Experiment 1 demonstrates the standard use of the fluency experience and Experiment 2 demonstrates that people can change the interpretation of the experience according to its ecological validity. By implication, the truth effect represents the adaptive usage of feedback received from internal processes
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2008.09.006
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,110
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Implicit Learning of Artificial Grammars.Arthur S. Reber - 1967 - Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 6:855-863.
Recognizing: The Judgment of Previous Occurrence.George Mandler - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (3):252-271.
Effects of Perceptual Fluency on Judgments of Truth.Rolf Reber & Norbert Schwarz - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):338-342.

View all 19 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

The Self-Consistency Model of Subjective Confidence.Asher Koriat - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):80-113.

View all 7 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Mental State Attributions and the Side-Effect Effect.Chandra Sripada - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48 (1):232-238.
Quasi-Truth, Supervaluations and Free Logic.Newton C. A. da Costa & Otavio Bueno - 1999 - History and Philosophy of Logic 20 (3-4):215-226.
Models and Representation.Richard Hughes - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):336.


Added to PP index

Total views
13 ( #743,462 of 2,448,110 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #451,143 of 2,448,110 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes