Disagreement, Drugs, etc.: from Accuracy to Akrasia

Episteme 13 (4):397-422 (2016)
Authors
David Christensen
Brown University
Abstract
We often get evidence concerning the reliability of our own thinking about some particular matter. This “higher-order evidence” can come from the disagreement of others, or from information about our being subject to the effects of drugs, fatigue, emotional ties, implicit biases, etc. This paper examines some pros and cons of two fairly general models for accommodating higher-order evidence. The one that currently seems most promising also turns out to have the consequence that epistemic akrasia should occur more frequently than is sometimes supposed. But it also helps us see why this might not be a bad thing.
Keywords Higher-Order Evidence  Disagreement  Epistemology
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DOI 10.1017/epi.2016.20
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References found in this work BETA

Epistemology of Disagreement: The Good News.David Christensen - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (2):187-217.
Higher‐Order Evidence and the Limits of Defeat.Maria Lasonen‐Aarnio - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):314-345.
Reflection and Disagreement.Adam Elga - 2007 - Noûs 41 (3):478–502.
Higher-Order Evidence.David Christensen - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (1):185-215.

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Citations of this work BETA

Evidence: A Guide for the Uncertain.Kevin Dorst - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
Disagreement and Easy Bootstrapping.Eyal Tal - forthcoming - Episteme:1-20.
Epistemic Dilemmas and Rational Indeterminacy.Nick Leonard - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-24.

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