This article is an investigation of parallel themes in Heinrich Hertz's philosophy science and Kant's theory of schemata, symbols and regulative ideas. It is argued that Hertz's "pictures" bears close similarities to Kantian "schemata", that is, they are rules linking concepts to intuitions and provide them with their meaning. Kant's distinction between symbols and schemata is discussed and related to Hertz's three pictures of mechanics. It is argued that Hertz considered his own picture of mechanics as symbolic in a different way than the force and energy pictures. In the final part of the article it is described how Harald Høffding soon after the publication of Hertz's Principles of Mechanics developed a general theory of analogical reasoning, relying on the ideas of Hertz and Kant.
Keywords analogy   picture theory   schema   symbol   Hertz   Høffding   Kant
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DOI 10.1007/s10838-006-0486-0
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References found in this work BETA

Critique of Pure Reason.I. Kant - 1787/1998 - Philosophy 59 (230):555-557.
Kant and the Exact Sciences.Michael FRIEDMAN - 1990 - Harvard University Press.
The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms: Language.ERNST CASSIRER - 1953 - New Haven: Yale University Press.

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