Cognitive Science 38 (2):383-397 (2014)

Abstract
Adult humans show exceptional relational ability relative to other species. In this research, we trace the development of this ability in young children. We used a task widely used in comparative research—the relational match-to-sample task, which requires participants to notice and match the identity relation: for example, AA should match BB instead of CD. Despite the simplicity of this relation, children under 4 years of age failed to pass this test (Experiment 1), and their performance did not improve even with initial feedback (Experiment 2). In Experiments 3 and 4, we found that two kinds of symbolic-linguistic experience can facilitate relational reasoning in young children. Our findings suggest that children learn to become adept analogical thinkers, and that language fosters this learning in at least two distinct ways
Keywords Language  Analogy  Learning  Cognitive development
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DOI 10.1111/cogs.12099
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References found in this work BETA

The Codes of Man and Beasts.David Premack - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):125-136.

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Citations of this work BETA

Analogical Cognition: An Insight Into Word Meaning.Timothy Pritchard - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (3):587-607.

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