Cuyo 28 (2):25-52 (2011)

Authors
Joan Chumbita
Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA)
Abstract
La teoría de la propiedad de Locke tiene como escenario el estado de naturaleza, cuyo correlato empírico es la colonización inglesa de América. Este es el supuesto que permite articular la apelación a la teología para fundar la propiedad privada de modo unilateral y en cualquier lugar del mundo; el desplazamiento del criterio de necesidad a la teoría del valor para justificarla; así como el supuesto de abundancia que la hace posible sin requerir pacto político ni consenso social. En este sentido, si su teoría de la propiedad resultó esencial para legitimar el liberalismo que moldeó América desde la colonización inglesa y la Constitución norteamericana, el hecho de que América sea el ejemplo para su teórico más temprano y destacado, permite comprender mejor el carácter esencial de la relación entre liberalismo y colonialismo. Locke's theory of property appears in the context of the state of nature, whose empirical correlate is the English colonization of America. This is the basis upon which three elements can be articulated: the appeal to theology in order to found unilaterally private property anywhere in the world; the change from the criterion of necessity to the theory of value to justify private property; and the assumption of abundance which makes it possible without having recourse to political pact or social consensus. In this sense, if Locke's theory of property has come to be essential to legitimize the liberalism which modelled America since the English colonization and the American constitution, the fact that America is the example for its earliest and most distinguished theorist, allows to a better understanding of the essential nature of the relationship between liberalism and colonialism
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References found in this work BETA

The Works of John Locke, in Nine Volumes.John Locke - 1824 - Printed for C. And J. Rivington ; J. Parker, Oxford; and Stirling and Slade, Edinburgh.
Locke, Natural Law, and New World Slavery.James Farr - 2008 - Political Theory 36 (4):495-522.
John Locke and Agrarian Capitalism.Neal Wood - 1984 - University of California Press.

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Actores sociales y económicos en las propuestas jurídicas y normativas de John Locke.Joan Chumbita - 2014 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 31 (1):89-105.

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