Are breast implants better than female genital mutilation? autonomy, gender equality and nussbaum's political liberalism
Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (3):1-33 (2004)
This essay considers the tension between political liberalism and gender equality in the light of social construction and multiculturalism. The tension is exemplified by the work of Martha Nussbaum, who tries to reconcile a belief in the universality of certain liberal values such as gender equality with a political liberal tolerance for cultural practices that violate gender equality. The essay distinguishes between first? and second?order conceptions of autonomy, and shows that political liberals mistakenly prioritise second?order autonomy. This prioritisation leads political liberals to seek to limit state interference in individuals' choices. However, the essay argues that if options, choices and the preferences which lead to them are socially influenced or constructed, it is no longer clear that state non?interference secures autonomy. Instead, it becomes a matter of justice what the content of the social or state influence is, which options are open to people, and political liberalism cannot deal with many forms of injustice. Rather than emphasising state neutrality, liberals should endorse state prohibition of practices which cause significant harm to those who choose them, if they are chosen only in response to unjust norms
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Social Norm Theory and Male Circumcision: Why Parents Circumcise.Sarah E. Waldeck - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):56-57.
Knowing About the Good: A Problem with Antiperfectionism.David McCabe - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2):311-338.
Citations of this work BETA
Female Autonomy, Education and the Hijab.Cécile Laborde - 2006 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 9 (3):351-377.
Similar books and articles
Gender Equality and Cultural Justice : How Thin is Nussbaum's Universalism?Andrea Baumeister - 2006 - In B. A. Haddock, Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch (eds.), Principles and Political Order: The Challenge of Diversity. Routledge.
The Basis of Universal Liberal Principles in Nussbaum’s Political Philosophy.Matthias Katzer - 2010 - Public Reason 2 (2):61-76.
Constituting Politics: Power, Reciprocity, and Identity.Lori Watson - 2007 - Hypatia 22 (4):96-112.
Autonomy and the Challenges of Liberalism: New Essays.John Philip Christman & Joel Anderson (eds.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
Are Breast Implants Better Than Female Genital Mutilation?Rebecca Reilly-Cooper - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (4):415-420.
Rawls and Feminism: What Should Feminists Make of Liberal Neutrality?Elizabeth Brake - 2004 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (3):293-309.
Is There a Right to Polygamy? Marriage, Equality and Subsidizing Families in Liberal Public Justification.Andrew F. March - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (2):246-272.
Marriage, Equality and Subsidizing Families in Liberal Public Justification: Is There a Right to Polygamy?Andrew F. March - unknown
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads124 ( #39,260 of 2,172,602 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #46,318 of 2,172,602 )
How can I increase my downloads?