Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):893-911 (2016)

Authors
Ellen Clarke
University of Leeds
Abstract
What changes when an evolutionary transition in individuality takes place? Many different answers have been given, in respect of different cases of actual transition, but some have suggested a general answer: that a major transition is a change in the extent to which selection acts at one hierarchical level rather than another. The current paper evaluates some different ways to develop this general answer as a way to characterise the property ‘evolutionary individuality’; and offers a justification of the option taken in Clarke :413–435, 2013)—to define evolutionary individuality in terms of an object’s capacity to undergo selection at its own level. In addition, I suggest a method by which the property can be measured and argue that a problem which is often considered to be fatal to that method—the problem of ‘cross-level by-products’—can be avoided.
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-016-9540-4
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References found in this work BETA

Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Samir Okasha - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
A Matter of Individuality.David L. Hull - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):335-360.

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Citations of this work BETA

The Many Faces of Biological Individuality.Thomas Pradeu - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):761-773.
Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1 (1).
What are the major transitions?Matthew D. Herron - 2021 - Biology and Philosophy 36 (1):1-19.

View all 9 citations / Add more citations

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