Evidential variety as a source of credibility for causal inference: beyond sharp designs and structural models
Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (3):233-253 (2011)
There is an ongoing debate in economics between the design-based approach and the structural approach. The main locus of contention regards how best to pursue the quest for credible causal inference. Each approach emphasizes one element ? sharp study designs versus structural models ? but these elements have well-known limitations. This paper investigates where a researcher might look for credibility when, for the causal question under study, these limitations are binding. It argues that seeking variety of evidence ? understood specifically as using multiple means of determination to robustly estimate the same causal effect ? constitutes such an alternative and that applied economists actually take advantage of it. Evidential variety is especially relevant for a class of macro-level causal questions for which the design-based and the structural approaches appear to have limited reach. The use of evidential variety is illustrated by drawing on the literature on the institutional determinants of the aggregate unemployment rate.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation.James Woodward - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World.Wesley Salmon - 1984 - Princeton University Press.
Re-Engineering Philosophy for Limited Beings: Piecewise Approximations to Reality.William C. Wimsatt - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Epistemic Contributions of Models: Conditions for Propositional Learning.François Claveau - 2015 - Perspectives on Science 23 (4):405-423.
The Russo–Williamson Theses in the Social Sciences: Causal Inference Drawing on Two Types of Evidence.François Claveau - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (4):806-813.
The Russo–Williamson Theses in the Social Sciences: Causal Inference Drawing on Two Types of Evidence.François Claveau - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (4):806-813.
Similar books and articles
The Rationale of Variation in Methodological and Evidential Pluralism.Federica Russo - 2006 - Philosophica 77.
Evidential Relevance and the Grue Paradox.Robert T. Pennock - 1998 - Kagaku Tetsugaku 31 (1):101-119.
Causal Decision Theory.Ellery Eells - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:177 - 200.
The Debate Between Current Versions of Covariation and Mechanism Approaches to Causal Inference.George L. Newsome - 2003 - Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):87 – 107.
Reduction, Autonomy, and Causal Exclusion Among Physical Properties.Alexander Rueger - 2004 - Synthese 139 (1):1 - 21.
Non-Committal Causal Explanations.David Pineda - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (2):147-170.
Graphical Models, Causal Inference, and Econometric Models.Peter Spirtes - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (1):3-34.
Causes and Explanations: A Structural-Model Approach. Part I: Causes.Joseph Y. Halpern & Judea Pearl - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):843-887.
Added to index2012-02-20
Total downloads23 ( #221,240 of 2,178,148 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #316,504 of 2,178,148 )
How can I increase my downloads?