Levels of selection in biofilms: multispecies biofilms are not evolutionary individuals

Biology and Philosophy 31 (2):191-212 (2016)
Abstract
Microbes are generally thought of as unicellular organisms, but we know that many microbes live as parts of biofilms—complex, surface-attached microbial communities numbering millions of cells. Some authors have recently argued in favour of reconceiving biofilms as biological entities in their own right. In particular, some have claimed that multispecies biofilms are evolutionary individuals : 10126–10132 2015). Against this view, I defend the conservative consensus that selection acts primarily upon microbial cells
Keywords Multicellularity  Bacteria  Biofilm  Individuality  Organism  Microbiology
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DOI 10.1007/s10539-016-9517-3
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References found in this work BETA
Evolution and the Levels of Selection.Samir Okasha - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
The Multiple Realizability of Biological Individuals.Ellen Clarke - 2013 - Journal of Philosophy 110 (8):413-435.

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