Productivity and Schematicity in Metaphors

Cognitive Science 21 (3):247-282 (1997)
  Copy   BIBTEX


The theory of metaphor proposed by Lakoff and Johnson (1980a, 1980b) and Lakoff (1993) involves a mapping of conceptual structure from one semantic domain to another. We investigate properties of these conceptual domain mappings by comparing them to morphological derivational relations. Schematicity and productivity are properties that Bybee (1985) and Langacker (1987) propose for characterizing morphological derivational relations, which we apply to our analysis of metaphor. Metaphors are argued to vary in their degree of semantic schematicity: Domain relations function as generalizations over specific metaphorical expressions. We also demonstrate three points on a continuum of productivity: Conventional metaphors are highly productive, metaphorically motivated transparent idioms are semiproductive, and opaque idioms are unproductive. Each point is compared with an example of morphological productivity having a corresponding conceptual organization. The results demonstrate that semantic productivity can be characterized in the same way as morphological productivity, suggesting that form and meaning are organized by the same principles.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 92,075

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Kierkegaard's metaphors.Jamie Lorentzen - 2001 - Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.
Productivity and the nature of work.Terrence H. White - 1984 - Journal of Business Ethics 3 (1):55 - 61.
Feminist ethics and the metaphor of AIDS.Susan Sherwin - 2001 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (4):343 – 364.
Towards a metaphorical biology.R. C. Paton - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (3):279-294.
A clash of competing metaphors.Michael Bradie - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):887-887.
Teleosemantics and productivity.Manolo Martinez - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (1):47-68.
Drug testing and productivity.Nicholas J. Caste - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (4):301 - 306.
Basic Metaphors And The Emergence Of Root Metaphors.Antonio S. Cua - 1982 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 3 (3/4):251-258.


Added to PP

25 (#634,682)

6 months
7 (#433,721)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?