Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (5):633-662 (2011)

Marie-Helene Gorisse
University of Ghent
In classical India, Jain philosophers developed a theory of viewpoints ( naya-vāda ) according to which any statement is always performed within and dependent upon a given epistemic perspective or viewpoint. The Jainas furnished this epistemology with an (epistemic) theory of disputation that takes into account the viewpoint in which the main thesis has been stated. The main aim of our paper is to delve into the Jain notion of viewpoint-contextualisation and to develop the elements of a suitable logical system that should offer a reconstruction of the Jainas’ epistemic theory of disputation. A crucial step of our project is to approach the Jain theory of disputation with the help of a theory of meaning for logical constants based on argumentative practices called dialogical logic . Since in the dialogical framework the meaning of the logical constants is given by the norms or rules for their use in a debate, it provides a meaning theory closer to the Jain context-sensitive disputation theory than the main-stream formal model-theoretic semantics.
Keywords Jain logic  Jain theory of viewpoints  Jain epistemology  Universals  Particulars  Argumentation  Dialogical logic
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DOI 10.1007/s10992-010-9164-0
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References found in this work BETA

Indian Logic.Jonardon Ganeri - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 1--309.
Jaina Logic and the Philosophical Basis of Pluralism.Jonardon Ganeri - 2002 - History and Philosophy of Logic 23 (4):267-281.
Dialogical Logic.Laurent Keiff - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Jaina Logic: A Contemporary Perspective.Graham Priest - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (3):263-278.

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Constructive Type Theory and the Dialogical Approach to Meaning.Shahid Rahman & Nicolas Clerbout - 2013 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 8 (1).
On Dialogues, Predication and Elementary Sentences.Shahid Rahman & Nicolas Clerbout - 2013 - Revista de Humanidades de Valparaíso 2:7-46.

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