Res Philosophica 92 (4):855-882 (2015)

Authors
W. Scott Cleveland
University of Mary
Abstract
An apparent paradox concerning courageous activity is that it seems to require both fear and fearlessness – on the one hand, mastering one’s fear, and, on the other, eliminating fear. I resolve the paradox by isolating three phases of courageous activity: the initial response to the situation, the choice of courageous action, and the execution of courageous action. I argue that there is an emotion that is proper to each of these phases and that each emotion positively contributes to the performance of courageous activity in each of its phases. More specifically, I argue that fear, hope, and daring are necessary for complete courageous activity. My model of courageous activity explains why courage is a virtue that requires excellent emotion dispositions and resolves the paradox concerning the apparent need for both fear and fearlessness. Fear is required in the first phase and fearless daring in the third phase of courageous activity.
Keywords Courage  Emotions  Virtue  Thomas Aquinas  Aristotle
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.11612/resphil.2015.92.4.11
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 61,008
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Upheavals of Thought.Martha Nussbaum - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 31 (2):325-341.

View all 18 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Courage, Passion and Virtue.Xinyan Jiang - 1994 - Dissertation, University of Cincinnati
Courage: A Modern Look at an Ancient Virtue.Andrei G. Zavaliy & Michael Aristidou - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (2):174-189.
Morality and Emotion.Susan Allison Stark - 1999 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
Courage, Evidence, And Epistemic Virtue.Osvil Acosta-Morales - 2006 - Florida Philosophical Review 6 (1):8-16.
Becoming Courageous: A Search for Process.Ruth Mara Schimel - 1990 - Dissertation, The George Washington University
Aristotle on Emotions and Contemporary Psychology.Maria Magoula Adamos - 2001 - In D. Sfendoni-Mentzou J. Hattiangdi & D. Johnson (eds.), Aristotle and Contemporary Science. Peter Lang. pp. 226-235.
Virtue and its Imitation.Pamela Darlene Hieronymi - 2000 - Dissertation, Harvard University
The "Virtue of Courage" in Confucian Philosophy.Hsiao-Huei Pan - 2007 - Philosophy and Culture 34 (1):119-132.
The Death of Socrates.Dylan Brian Futter - 2015 - Philosophical Papers 44 (1):39-59.
Natural Law, End, And Virtue In Aquinas.John Peterson - 1999 - Journal of Philosophical Research 24:397-413.
The Two Faces of Courage.Amélie Oksenberg Rorty - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (236):151-171.
Plato's Reference To Lamachus.Lucy M. Smith - 2014 - Classical Quarterly 64 (1):43-48.
The Feeling Theory of Emotion and the Object-Directed Emotions.Demian Whiting - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):281-303.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-02-04

Total views
40 ( #262,618 of 2,439,471 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #433,243 of 2,439,471 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes