Phronesis 65 (4):414-466 (2020)

James G. Lennox
University of Pittsburgh
Cameron F. Coates
DePaul University
In De Anima 2.4, Aristotle claims that nutritive soul encompasses two distinct biological functions: nutrition and reproduction. We challenge a pervasive interpretation which posits ‘nutrients’ as the correlative object of the nutritive capacity. Instead, the shared object of nutrition and reproduction is that which is nourished and reproduced: the ensouled body, qua ensouled. Both functions aim at preserving this object, and thus at preserving the form, life, and being of the individual organism. In each case, we show how Aristotle’s detailed biological analysis supports this ontological argument.
Keywords antikeimenon  nutrition  nutritive soul  one-in-form  reproduction  self-maintenance
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DOI 10.1163/15685284-bja10024
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Aristotle on Teleology.Monte Ransome Johnson - 2008 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The Powers of Aristotle's Soul.Thomas Kjeller Johansen - 2012 - Oxford University Press UK.

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