History and scientific practice in the construction of an adequate philosophy of science: revisiting a Whewell/Mill debate
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):85-93 (2011)
William Whewell raised a series of objections concerning John Stuart Mill’s philosophy of science which suggested that Mill’s views were not properly informed by the history of science or by adequate reflection on scientific practices. The aim of this paper is to revisit and evaluate this incisive Whewellian criticism of Mill’s views by assessing Mill’s account of Michael Faraday’s discovery of electrical induction. The historical evidence demonstrates that Mill’s reconstruction is an inadequate reconstruction of this historical episode and the scientific practices Faraday employed. But a study of Faraday’s research also raises some questions about Whewell’s characterization of this discovery. Thus, this example provides an opportunity to reconsider the debate between Whewell and Mill concerning the role of the sciences in the development of an adequate philosophy of scientific methodology.Keywords: Inductivism; Experiment; Theory; Methodology; Electromagnetism
|Keywords||J.S. Mill William Whewell History of the Philosophy of Science Michael Faraday|
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References found in this work BETA
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John Stuart Mill on Induction and Hypotheses.Struan Jacobs - 1991 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 29 (1):69-83.
Whewell and the Scientists: Science and Philosophy of Science in 19th Century Britain.Laura Snyder - 2002 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:81-94.
J.S. Mill's Canons of Induction: From True Causes to Provisional Ones.Steffen Ducheyne - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):361-376.
Experiment, Speculation and Law: Faraday's Analysis of Arago's Wheel.Friedrich Steinle - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:293 - 303.
Citations of this work BETA
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