Logic and Ontology

Axiomathes 12 (1-2):117-150 (2001)
A brief review of the historicalrelation between logic and ontologyand of the opposition between the viewsof logic as language and logic as calculusis given. We argue that predication is morefundamental than membership and that differenttheories of predication are based on differenttheories of universals, the three most importantbeing nominalism, conceptualism, and realism.These theories can be formulated as formalontologies, each with its own logic, andcompared with one another in terms of theirrespective explanatory powers. After a briefsurvey of such a comparison, we argue that anextended form of conceptual realism provides themost coherent formal ontology and, as such, canbe used to defend the view of logic as language.
Keywords Philosophy   Philosophy   Logic   Ontology   Linguistics   Cognitive Psychology
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Reprint years 2004
DOI 10.1023/A:1012758003706
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The Logic of the Ontological Square.Luc Schneider - 2009 - Studia Logica 91 (1):25-51.
The Arabico-Islamic Background of Al-Fārābī's Logic.Sadik Türker - 2007 - History and Philosophy of Logic 28 (3):183-255.
Predication in Conceptual Realism.Nino Cocchiarella - 2013 - Axiomathes 23 (2):301-321.
A Logic Inspired by Natural Language: Quantifiers As Subnectors.Nissim Francez - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (6):1153-1172.

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