Artificial intelligence and personal identity

Synthese 88 (September):399-417 (1991)

Abstract
Considerations of personal identity bear on John Searle's Chinese Room argument, and on the opposed position that a computer itself could really understand a natural language. In this paper I develop the notion of a virtual person, modelled on the concept of virtual machines familiar in computer science. I show how Searle's argument, and J. Maloney's attempt to defend it, fail. I conclude that Searle is correct in holding that no digital machine could understand language, but wrong in holding that artificial minds are impossible: minds and persons are not the same as the machines, biological or electronic, that realize them.
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Metaphysics  Mind  Personal Identity  Searle, J
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DOI 10.1007/BF00413555
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References found in this work BETA

Minds, Brains, and Programs.John R. Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism.Paul Smolensky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
Survival and Identity.David K. Lewis - 1976 - In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 17-40.
Is the Brain's Mind a Computer Program?John R. Searle - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):26-31.
Could a Machine Think?Paul M. Churchland & Patricia S. Churchland - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):32-37.

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Citations of this work BETA

A Vehicular Theory of Corporeal Qualia.Jonathan Waskan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):103-125.
The Chinese Room Argument--Dead but Not yet Buried.Robert I. Damper - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (5-6):159-169.

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Natural Problems and Artificial Intelligence.Tracy B. Henley - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):43-55.
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Alien Encounters.Kevin Warwick - 2002 - In John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 308.
Artificial Intelligence: A Personal View.David Marr - 1977 - Artificial Intelligence 9 (September):37-48.

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