Artificial intelligence and personal identity

Synthese 88 (September):399-417 (1991)
Abstract
Considerations of personal identity bear on John Searle's Chinese Room argument, and on the opposed position that a computer itself could really understand a natural language. In this paper I develop the notion of a virtual person, modelled on the concept of virtual machines familiar in computer science. I show how Searle's argument, and J. Maloney's attempt to defend it, fail. I conclude that Searle is correct in holding that no digital machine could understand language, but wrong in holding that artificial minds are impossible: minds and persons are not the same as the machines, biological or electronic, that realize them.
Keywords Artificial Intelligence  Metaphysics  Mind  Personal Identity  Searle, J
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DOI 10.1007/BF00413555
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References found in this work BETA
Minds, Brains and Programs.John R. Searle - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (3):417-57.
On the Proper Treatment of Connectionism.Paul Smolensky - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (1):1-23.
Survival and Identity.David Lewis - 1976 - In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 17-40.
What's Really Going on in Searle's 'Chinese Room'.Georges Rey - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 50 (September):169-85.
To Think or Not to Think.William J. Rapaport - 1988 - Noûs 22 (4):585-609.

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Citations of this work BETA
The Logic of Searle's Chinese Room Argument.Robert I. Damper - 2006 - Minds and Machines 16 (2):163-183.
Thought and Qualia.David J. Cole - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (3):283-302.
A Vehicular Theory of Corporeal Qualia.Jonathan Waskan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (1):103-125.

View all 6 citations / Add more citations

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Natural Problems and Artificial Intelligence.Tracy B. Henley - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):43-55.
Alien Encounters.Kevin Warwick - 2002 - In John M. Preston & John Mark Bishop (eds.), Views Into the Chinese Room: New Essays on Searle and Artificial Intelligence. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 308.
Minds, Machines and Searle.Stevan Harnad - 1989 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 1 (4):5-25.
Artificial Intelligence: A Personal View.David Marr - 1977 - Artificial Intelligence 9 (September):37-48.
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