Mystery and the Evidential Impact of Unexplainables

Episteme (forthcoming)
Abstract
How should the information that a proposition p is a mystery impact your credence in p? To answer this question, we first provide a taxonomy of mysteries; then, we develop a test to distinguish two types of mysteries. When faced with mysteries of the first type, rational epistemic agents should lower their credence in p upon learning that p is a mystery. The same information should not impact agents’ credence in p, when they face mysteries of the second type. Our account of mystery complements existing explications of abduction. We illustrate its significance by examining the mystery of consciousness.
Keywords explanation  confirmation  mystery
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DOI 10.1017/epi.2017.13
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