Authors
Martin A. Coleman
Indiana University Purdue University, Indianapolis
Abstract
Donald T. Campbell outlines an epistemological theory that attempts to be faithful to evolution through natural selection. He takes his position to be consistent with that of Karl R. Popper, whom he credits as the primary advocate of his day for natural selection epistemology. Campbell writes that neither he nor Popper want to give up the goal of objectivity or objective truth, in spite of their evolutionary epistemology. In discussing the conflict between an epistemology based on natural selection and objective truth, Campbell cites an article by the German sociologist and philosopher Georg Simmel entitled 'On a Connection of Selection Theory to Epistemology', as presenting the issue in a notably forthright manner.The present essay summarizes Simmel's article, with the purpose of clarifying, in terms that Campbell apparently finds satisfactory, the conflict that Campbell acknowledges between an evolutionary epistemology and ultimate truth; the essay then examines the responses of Campbell and Popper to Simmel's position. While Campbell and Popper acknowledge the work of Simmel, their responses suggest something less than a full consideration of Simmel's position.
Keywords evolutionary epistemology  natural selection  Popper  Simmel
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Reprint years 2002
DOI 10.1016/s0039-3681(01)00028-0
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References found in this work BETA

Conjectures and Refutations.K. Popper - 1963 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 21 (3):431-434.
Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge.Mary Hesse - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (61):372-374.
Is It True What They Say About Tarski?Susan Haack - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (197):323 - 336.

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Citations of this work BETA

Evolutionary Epistemology.Michael Bradie - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Georg Simmel and Naturalist Interactivist Epistemology of Science.Cliff Hooker - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):311-317.
Teorija selekcije Georga Simmela.Marko Škorić - 2013 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 33 (2):331-342.

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Simmel and Weber as Idealtypical Founders of Sociology.Frédéric Vandenberghe - 1999 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (4):57-80.
The Author Responds: Popper and Selection Theory.Donald Campbell - 1988 - Social Epistemology 2 (4):371 – 377.
Against Evolutionary Epistemology.Paul Thagard - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:187 - 196.
On Simmel’s Conception of Philosophy.Turo-Kimmo Lehtonen & Olli Pyyhtinen - 2008 - Continental Philosophy Review 41 (3):301-322.

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