Ideas Y Valores 66 (164):129-149 (2017)

Juan Cortés
Aalborg University
RESUMEN La asimilación que hace Spinoza del alma, es decir, la idea del cuerpo, al gaudium es problemática: si se trata del afecto definido en e1 p18s, dicha asimilación contradice lo que señala e2ax3, esto es, que la idea es anterior al afecto; si se trata de un afecto pasivo, se asimilaría el alma a un afecto pasivo, lo que contradice la idea de que la mente puede ser afectada por afectos activos. La solución tiene dos tiempos: se muestra el doble uso de gaudium como afecto y como intermedio entre la estructura y los conceptos; y se determina la unidad de la noción de goce por el uso. Se confronta finalmente este concepto con las ideas de Tomás de Aquino para mostrar su importancia en la discusión en torno a la libertad. ABSTRACT Spinoza’s assimilation of the soul, that is, the idea of the body, to gaudium is problematic: if it is the affect defined in e1 p18s, said assimilation contradicts what is stated in e2ax3, namely, that the idea precedes the affect. If it is a passive affect, then the soul would be assimilated to a passive affect, which contradicts the idea that the mind can be affected by active affects. The article suggests a solution in two stages: it shows the double use of gaudium as an affect and as an intermediate point between the structure and the concepts, and then goes on to determine the unity of the notion of enjoyment through its use. Finally, the article compares this concept with the ideas of Thomas Aquinas, in order to demonstrate its importance in the discussion on freedom.
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DOI 10.15446/ideasyvalores.v66n164.49620
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