The discovery of the artificial: some protocybernetic developments 1930-1940

In this paper I start from a definition of “culture of the artificial” which might be stated by referring to the background of philosophical, methodological, pragmatical assumptions which characterizes the development of the information processing analysis of mental processes and of some trends in contemporary cognitive science: in a word, the development of AI as a candidate science of mind. The aim of this paper is to show how (with which plausibility and limitations) the discovery of the mentioned background might be dated back to a period preceding the cybernetic era, the decade 1930–1940 at least. Therefore a somewhat detailed analysis of Hull's “robot approach” is given, as well as of some of its independent and future developments. Reprinted in R.L. Chrisley (ed.), Artificial Intelligence: Critical Concepts in Cognitive Science, vol. 1, Routledge, London and New York, 2000, pp. 301-326.
Keywords Mechanistic Modelling  Artificial Intelligence  History of Psychology  Behaviourism
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/BF01891917
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Principles of Psychology.William James - 1890 - Dover Publications.
Principles of Behavior. An Introduction to Behavior Theory.Clark L. Hull - 1943 - Journal of Philosophy 40 (20):558-559.

View all 29 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Early-Connectionism Machines.Roberto Cordeschi - 2000 - AI and Society 14 (3-4):314-330.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Artificial Intelligence, Psychology, and the Philosophy of Discovery.Paul Thagard - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:166 - 175.
Artificial Intelligence and Wittgenstein.Gerard Casey - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 32:156-175.
A Wittgensteinian View of Artificial Intelligence.Otto Neumaier - 1987 - In Rainer P. Born (ed.), Artificial Intelligence. St Martin's Press. pp. 132--174.
AI Turns Fifty: Revisiting its Origins.Roberto Cordeschi - 2007 - Applied Artificial Intelligence 21:259-279.
Consciousness, Intentionality, and Intelligence: Some Foundational Issues for Artificial Intelligence.Murat Aydede & Guven Guzeldere - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):263-277.


Added to PP index

Total views
545 ( #6,483 of 2,243,869 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
85 ( #5,882 of 2,243,869 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes

Sign in to use this feature